How to take care of Cat Scratches
Owners may get cat scratches because of their affection. Awareness may result to take care of these cat scratches. Cats are loved and respected by people all over the world. These fluffy creations support their owners in times of stress. However, sometimes they can injure themselves by scratching or biting us with their nails and teeth. Cat scratching is a habit, but sometimes it is called cat scratch disease (CSD). CSD is a bacterial disease caused by the bacterium Bartonella henselae. B.henselae is a famous intracellular bacterium that directly attacks red blood cells. Humans and other animals become infected with B. ensemble when a feral or domestic cat scratches them or licks a wound. CSD causes very dangerous consequences in humans.
How cats become infected
Cats are affected by CSD (Cat Scratch Disease) for three reasons which are listed below:
- From fleas
- Fighting with other pets
- By blood transfusion
Fleas make a cat feel nervous and irritable, so scratching is a well-known indicator of whether your cat has fleas. A cat scratching, biting or licking its body is part of grooming, not a flea. However, if your cat becomes infested with fleas, it is possible that the cat may exhibit scratching behaviour. When the cat starts scratching, the flea under the nail will die. This allows the B. henselae bacteria to attach to the bottom of the cat’s paw. So, when the cat scratches or caresses your wound, then these bacteria enter your body and cause CSD.
Fighting with other cats causes many diseases. Cats have a lot of bacteria in their mouths and on their paws. When one cat fights another cat, and they bite or scratch each other, they inject each other with bacteria. So, when a cat infected with CSD fights your cat, you can also be infected by passing on the B.henselae bacteria.
Blood transfusion is also responsible for spreading CSD from an infected cat to a healthy one. So make sure that the cat carrying blood with you is infected or not. When the blood of an infected cat is transferred, the bacteria causing CSD is also moved into the blood.
How does a person becomes infected
Cat-scratch disease (CSD) is spread when an infected cat scratches a person, opens wounds, or chews or scratches and cuts the body’s skin. This is how the cause of CSD entered the human body. When a person becomes infected, their health slowly deteriorates.
Generally, cats do not get sick from this scratching disease, and no one suffers from infection except pyrexia from 3 to 4 days, blisters in the mouth, some swollen glands and some muscle spasms. A cat’s mouth is full of germs (especially bacteria), so symptoms also appear in the mouth in the form of blisters, pus and other infections.
CSD is a zoonotic disease. A zoonotic disease is a disease transmitted from animals to humans. When an infected cat bites a human, the cat squeals with a fever transmitted to the human host. It is also transmitted through saliva as a result of cat licking. Most people affected by the disease are people over the age of twenty. And the cats that spread CSD are mostly kittens under one year of age. In humans, CSD has the following symptoms;
- A small, red, and round spot or bump appears at the site of the scratch or bite
- The swollen lymph node is located near the scratch site.
- Swelling occurs on the infected side
- Successive stages of chills and fever
- Abdominal cramps
- Muscle stiffness
- Fatigue and sleepiness
- Lack or reduction of appetite